Equality, love, and peace among people are encouraged by Islam. The emphasis upon the prevalence of these traits among Muslims is even greater. The religion refers to all its followers as brothers; the brotherhood of Islam is universal, disregarding the differences of color, race, and ethnicity.
“The believers are but brothers, so make reconciliation between your brothers and fear Allah that you may receive mercy.” [49:10]
The above verse from Qur’an shows not only the Brotherhood but also the importance of maintaining it peacefully. Any friction among the believers should be evened out so that all of them are entitled to their Lord’s mercy.
While living in a community, conflicts are unavoidable. These conflicts may often result in such disturbances that people cut ties with one another. Islam prohibits such behavior. Peaceful co-existence is encouraged. Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) instructed the believers in the following words:
“Do not hate each other, do not envy each other, do not turn away from each other, but rather be servants of Allah as brothers. It is not lawful for a Muslim to boycott his brother for more than three days.” [Bokhari]
Muslims are required to firmly tread the path of righteousness while staying united. Allah says in Qur’an:
“The believing men and believing women are allies of one another. They enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong and establish prayer and give charity and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah will have mercy upon them, for Allah is Almighty and Wise.” [9:71]
It is by Allah’s orders and His blessings that over a billion people all around the world are woven into the fabric of a brotherhood. They are asked to support each other and live in harmony.
“Hold firmly to the rope of Allah all together and do not become divided. Remember the favor of Allah upon you, when you were enemies and he brought your hearts together and you became brothers by his favor.” [3:103]
Islam calls the believers brothers because they’re supposed to be close yet equal. There are no castes and no one is deemed superior on the basis of color, race, or social status. But the division on the basis of tribes or communities is not wrong since they help us identify one another. Allah says:
“O, mankind! Surely we have created you of a male and female and make you tribes and families that you know each other, surely the noblest among you unto Allah is one who fears him Behold! Allah is Knower Aware” [49:13]
Empathy is a valued human trait and Islam also encourages it. Anywhere in the world, if a brother is affected, the entire Ummah empathizes with him. Allah’s Messenger (P.B.U.H) said:
“The Muslims are like a single man. If the eye is afflicted, then the whole body is afflicted. If the head is afflicted, then the whole body is afflicted.” [Sahih Muslim]
The believers of Islam are asked to be just and work towards the establishment of justice and equality. Once Allah’s Apostle, Muhammad (P.B.U.H), said:
“Support your brother, whether he is an oppressor or is being oppressed.”
It was said, “O Messenger of Allah, we help the one being oppressed but how do we help an oppressor?” The Prophet said:
“By restraining him or preventing him from committing injustice, for that is how you support him.”
There are countless other occasions, too, which emphasize the importance of Islamic brotherhood. Allah loves peace and unity because unity helps achieve a safe and just society where everyone can live without insecurity.