Allah is the Lord and the Creator of this world. He is the Merciful God and, in order to guide His creations to the right path, He sent Prophets who corrected the ways of human beings according to His orders. The last of the Prophets was Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H), whose message was not only for the people of his time but for posterity.
Allah’s last Messenger (P.B.U.H) practiced what he preached. As once A’isha (R.A) said:
“Verily, the character of the Prophet of Allah was the Quran.” [Muslim]
Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H)’s teachings help us in every walk of our lives. He has educated us about how to behave in every situation which life places us in.
The teachings of our Prophet (P.B.U.H) are varied and to discuss all of them, we might require a book-length article. To simplify the teachings, we can divide them into two classes: those regarding Allah (huqooq ul Allah) and those regarding the creations of Allah (huqooq ul ibaad).
Instructions related to huqooq ul Allah:
To be called a Muslim as is required, one must:
· Give testimony to Allah’s oneness, Him being the only One who should be worshipped and the fact that Muhammad (P.B.U.H) is His last Prophet.
· Pray five times each day on the prescribed timings
· Fast the entire month of Ramadan every year
· Give a certain amount of charity (Zakah) from your savings once each year
· Perform the pilgrimage (Hajj) once in the entire lifetime.
If you look at these closely, this part of Prophet (P.B.U.H)’s teachings does not require much effort. Salah is the only form of worship which is required of us on a daily basis.
If one wishes, he can voluntarily perform any of these worships more than is requisite.
Instructions related to huqooq ul ibaad:
This takes up a huge part of Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H)’s teachings. He taught us to be the best of human beings. He encouraged honesty, empathy, generosity, kindness, mercy, good nature, brotherhood, search for knowledge, wisdom, equality, positive thinking, patience, justice and all the other positive traits. Muslims are asked to be good to fellow human beings, as well as to animals and plants.
Prophet (P.B.U.H) instructed his followers to stay away from negativity and unpleasant personality characteristics, such as jealousy, taunting, backbiting, lying, being unfair, cheating, etc.
The teachings of Islam are thorough and do not lack in any way. It is a complete guide which prepares us for every phase of our lives. Following the correct preachings of Allah’s Messenger (P.B.U.H) helps us become an exemplary human being. Even those who are not Muslims cannot disregard the beauty of Islam if they get to know about the proper teachings of the Messenger of Islam (P.B.U.H).